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Infant and young child feeding practices and stunting in two highland provinces in Ecuador (2016)

Publication Details

Authors: Marion L Roche, Theresa W Gyorkos, Brittany Blouin, Grace S Marquis, Julieta Sarsoza and Harriet V Kuhnlein
Publication date: 06 June 2016
Source: Maternal & Child Nutrition. Volume 12, Issue 2: pp. 1-15


The present study explored infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the Ecuadorian highlands and how they contribute to stunting. A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the nutritional status of 293 infants and children (0 and 24 months), living in 14 communities in the provinces of Tungurahua and Chimborazo. WHO IYCF indicators, 24-h recalls and food frequency questionnaires were used to assess feeding practices, dietary intake
and nutritious local foods, respectively.

Authors found early initiation of breastfeeding, consumption of iron-rich foods and higher dietary protein density were protective factors. Interventions that promote and support optimal breastfeeding practices and enable increased consumption of nutritious local foods have the potential to contribute to reducing stunting in this vulnerable population.



Ecuador, Infant and Young Child Nutrition, Latin America, Research Documents