The WHO-UNICEF Technical Expert Advisory Group on Nutrition Monitoring re-examined the existing ranges of wasting and stunting developed in the 1990s
Ethiopia is committed to attaining lower middle-income status and achieving global development goals.
However, Ethiopia is challenged by its slower rate of improvement in reducing childhood stunting. If the trend continues, Ethiopia may not reach the World Health Organization Global Nutrition Target of a 40% reduction in the number of children under five who are stunted.
One of the main challenges to achieving this goal is Ethiopia’s minimal progress on reducing the prevalence of stunting in children under 23 months.
Interventions that contribute to reducing stunting in children under five
- Reducing incidences of diarrhoea and infection with twice-yearly doses of vitamin A to children under five
- Preventing and controlling anaemia in pregnant women through daily iron-folic acid supplementation for at least 90 days during pregnancy to:
- Reduce neural tube defects
- Reduce the number of low birthweight babies and preterm deliveries
Barriers to effective interventions
- Underfunding of key nutrition interventions, such as vitamin A and iron-folic acid supplementation
- Critical weaknesses in cost-effective delivery of lifesaving interventions
- Low capacity of staff in the health system, particularly at the state level