The present study explored the effect of groundwater levels of iron in Bangladesh on iron status and hemoglobin levels in pre-school age children (6-59 months), school age children (6-14 years) and non-pregnant non-lactating women.
A nationwide, cross-sectional study design was used, analyzing data from the national micronutrients survey 2011-2012. Survey data included 150 clusters of rural, urban and slum areas.
The area with ‘predominantly high groundwater iron’ was a determinant of higher serum ferritin levels in all populations. The levels of hemoglobin was also higher among non-pregnant non-lactating women in this area