Right Start India sought to reduce anaemia, pregnancy and birth complications, low birthweight, neural tube defects, and stunting in children under five.
Iodine is only needed in small amounts and is often consumed in the foods we eat. But when plants and animals are raised in areas with iodine-deficient soil, the diet for people there often lacks the recommended amount of iodine.
Despite the success of salt iodization, 30% of households globally are still not consuming salt that has been adequately iodized.
Iodine deficiency is most damaging during fetal development and in the first few years of a child’s life. It is estimated that 38 million babies are born every year to iodine-deficient mothers, missing out on the protection that iodine offers the growing brain, and a full 18 million are mentally impaired as a result.