This document provides a summary of the different aspects of the wheat flour industry in Latin America and Caribbean. It includes production, importation, exportation, flour fortification, and consumption of flour food products as well as commerce between countries in the region and between countries and other continents and trade agreements that affect or may affect the market of wheat flour in the region. An understanding of the industry in a region where flour fortification has been in place for more than a decade may help identify ways to strengthen successful implementation and support areas that need improvement to ensure adequate and sustainable fortification of all industrially milled flour.